Illustrations can be broadly classified into two categories,

Traditional Illustrations

These are the age old styles of illustrations. Many of these styles are still as renowned and practiced till date. Traditional illustrations involved usage of different kinds of paints, papers, pencils as well as different types of brushes.

One of the oldest techniques of illustrations was by simple drawings. Slowly many other techniques of illustrations evolved. We shall see a few of them

  1.     Wood cutting:

This is an age old technique that have lived through many ancient manuscripts especially during the Middle Ages. It was something akin to a precursor of the printing press. Used largely when printing many copies of the same illustration. This technique involved carving out the required illustration on a block of wood. The colors used in such form of illustrations are usually distinctive. The colors could then be imprinted on the required material by simply stamping the block of wood. This concept is used till date when looking for contemporary styles with rough textures.

  1.     Metal Etchings

A conventional style of metal etching would usually involve a metal plate of either copper, zinc or steel. These plates are the coated with a substance that does not react to acid; it could be some sort of a wax. After this, the illustrator then has to scratch off the lines off the ground where they wish to create designs. This scratching causes the metal to expose.

The plate is then dipped into an acidic bath, so that the exposed parts of the metal plate get inked.

  1.     Pencil Illustrations

This is an evergreen form of illustration using pencils to sketch out the desired image. Pencils of different shades may be used as added effect.

  1.     Charcoal Illustration

The use of charcoal for illustrations is preferred usually in fast sketches or short stories. The strokes are not as fine as that of a pencil. But the charcoal can be blended to give some splendid shades of black.

  1.     Litography

This form of illustration that derives its name from a Greek word that means stone. It basically involves painting using oils or wax on a smooth surface more like a stone. These kinds of illustrations are used commonly in magazines or books with more volume. It gives the illustration that waxy sheen which makes it appear attractive.

  1.     Water color illustrations

This is yet another famous style, where different shades and levels of transparency are created using various levels of water to the colors. Such illustrations are used most often in feminine write-ups, fashion sketches, cook books etc.

  1.     Gouache illustrations

These paintings are very similar to watercolor illustrations, the difference being these are far more opaque. They are best used for poster paintings.

  1.      Acrylic illustrations

These are one of the simplest forms of painting most preferred for beginners. These forms of paints can be vest used for tiles, metal, as well as getting fluorescent effects.

  1.      Collage Illustrations

The word collage in French means to stick together, a collage effect is that when small bits of colored paper are glued together. This style is still a hit in modern day illustrations where 3D effects can be brought about using this technique.

  1.      Pen and ink illustration

It is perfect for when looking at creating stronger contrast the pen and ink illustrations work strongly. Easy to acquires, cost effective and use this is a famous form of illustration.